The Rice Research Station, Monkompu is located at Monkompu, Thekkekkara of Champakaulam Panchayat in Kuttanad Taluk of Alappuzha District. The station was started in the year 1940.
Mandate of the Station
The centre is exclusively to deal with research on rice in Kuttanad ecosystem. A unit of All India Co-ordinated Rice Improvement Programme is functioning here.
The centre was instrumental in solving several problems in deep water areas such as Kuttanad. The Centre has so far released 12 rice cultivars. These are Mo1, Mo2, Mo3, Bhadra, Asha, Pavizham, Karthika, Aruna, Makom, Remya, Kanakam and Ranjini and are well accepted by the farmers. Another seven pre-release cultures were proposed for release. They are Pavithra, Panchami, Remanika, Uma, Revathy, Karishma and krishnanjana.
The centre has come up with viable management strategy against varinellu (wild rice) in rice by coating rice seeds with calcium peroxide. Recommendations on nitrogen management, herbicidal control of weeds, use of rock phosphates in acid soils, etc. are other contributions.
An Integrated pest management strategy has been worked out for Brown Plant Hopper of rice. Control measures for brown spot and sheath blight of rice were also evolved.
An indigenous cheap and efficient rat trap "the Moncompu trap" has been designed for trapping rats in rice fields.