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Overview

Varieties Released

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The University has released the following improved varieties in rice, coconut, vegetables, pepper, cashew, sesame, sugarcane, tuber crops, cowpea, cocoa and other crops.

(List upto 2015)

Sl.No

Name of Variety

Year

Pedigree / Salient Features

Rice

1

Ptb 39-Jyothi

1974

Ptb-10 x IR-8 (HS)

2

Ptb 40-Sabari

1974

IR8/2 x Annapoorna (HS)

3

Ptb 41-Bharathy

1974

Ptb 10 x IR-8 (HS)

4

Ptb 42- Suvarnamodan

1976

ARC-11775 (S )

5

Ptb 43- Swarnaprabha

1985

Bhavani x Triveni (HS)

6

Ptb 44-Reshmi

1985

Oorpandy (Mutation)

7

Ptb 45-Matta Triveni

1990

Reselection from Triveni

8

Ptb 46-Jayathi

1990

IR 2061 x Triveni (HS)

9

Ptb 47-Neeraja

1990

IR 20 x IR 5 (HS)

10

Ptb 48-Nila

1992

(Triveni x Vellathil Kolappala) x Co-25

11

Ptb 49-Kairali

1993

IR 36 x Jyothi (HS)

12

Ptb 50-Kanchana

1993

IR 36 x Pavizham (HS)

13

Ptb 51-Aathira

1993

BR 51-46-1 x Cul 23332-2 (HS)

14

Ptb 52-Aiswarya

1993

Jyothi x BR-51-46-1

15

Ptb 53-Mangala Mashuri

1998

Reselection from Mashuri

16

Ptb 54-Karuna

1998

CO.25 X H4 (HS)

17

MO 4-Bhadra

1978

IR 8 x Ptb 20 (HS)

18

MO 5-Asha

1981

IR 11 x Kochuvithu (HS)

19

MO 6-Pavizham

1985

IR 8 x Karivenal (HS

20

MO 7-Karthika

1987

Triveni x IR 15399 (HS)

21

MO 8-Aruna

1990

Jaya x Ptb 33 (HS)

22

MO 9-Makom

1990

ARC 6650 x Jaya (HS)

23

MO 10-Remya

1990

Jaya x Ptb 33 (HS)

24

MO 11-Kanakam

1990

IR 1561 x Ptb 33 (HS)

25

MO 12-Ranjini

1996

MO 5 x Improved Sona (Pedigree selection)

26

MO 13-Pavithra

1998

Surekha X MO5 (Pedigree selection)

27

MO 14-Panchami

1998

Pothana X MO5 (Pedigree selection)

28

MO 15-Remanika

1998

Mutant of Mo1

29

MO 16-Uma

1998

MO6 X Pokkali (Pedigree selection)

30

MO17-Revathy

1998

Cul. 1281 X MO6 (Pedigree selection)

31

MO18-Karishma

1998

Mo1 X MO6 (Pedigree selection)

32

MO19-Krishnanjana

1998

MO1 X MO6 (Pedigree selection)

33

Kym 1-Lakshmi

1981

Kottarakkara 1 x Poduvi (HS)

34

Kym 2-Bhagya

1985

Tadukkan x Jaya (HS)

35

Kym 3-Onam

1985

(Kochuvithu x TNI) x Triveni

36

Kym 4-Dhanya

1992

Jaya x Ptb 4 ( HS)

37

Kym 5-Sagara

1993

Oorumundakan local (MS)

38

Vyttila 3

1987

Vyttila 1 X TN-1(HS)

39

Vyttila 4

1993

Chettivirippu x IR 4630-22-2-17(HS)

40

Vyttila 5

1996

Mashuri (Mutation)

41

ACV-I-Arathy

1993

Jaya x Ptb 33 (HS)

42

Hraswa

1993

IR-8 x T-140 (HS)

43

Deepthi(WND-3)

1998

Edavaka(PS)

44

Makaram(KTR 1)

1998

Cheradi local (MS)

45

Kumbham

1998

Cheradi local (MS)

46

Ahalya

1998

(Ptb 10 x TN I ) x TN I

47

Harsha

2001

 

48

Manupriya

2006

(PK3355-5-1-4) x Bhadra

A high yielding, photo insensitive, short duration (100-105 days), non-lodging, red kernelled hybrid derivative suitable for kole lands.

49

Anashwara

2006

Mutant of PTB 20.

A photoperiod sensitive semi-tall rice variety suitable for Rabi.

50

VTL-7

2006

Hybrid between IR8 x Patnai 23.

High yielding, non-lodging, semi-tall variety having tolerance to salinity, acidity and flood. Suitable for pokkali area.

51

Thulam

2010

Tolerant to stem borer, leaf roller, lodging  and   unexpected flooding

52

Prathyasha(MO21)

2010

Moderately tolerant to gall midge,  BPH,   sheath blight and sheath  rot.

53

VTL- 8

2010

Tolerant to  salinity (8 ds/m), acidity and submergence

54

Vaisakh

2010

Tolerant to moisture  stress, resistant to blue beetle, moderate resistance to stem borer and whorl maggot

55

Samyuktha

2010

Moderate resistance to stem borer, whorl maggot, blue beetle, BPH and sheath blight.

56

Ezhome-1

2010

Tolerant to medium salinity and flooding. Resistant to gall midge, leaf folder, case worm and  moderately resistant to whirl   maggot, sheath blight and bacterial leaf blight

57

Ezhome-2

2010

No major incidence of pests and diseases  under Kaipad system

58

Ezhome-3

2013

Medium duration variety tolerant to medium salinity; high yielding in  both Kaipad and Pokkali soils during Kharif  and Rabi seasons, unlike other Kaipad high yielding varieties, which are high yielding only in Kaipad  Kharif season.

59

MO 22

2015

HY dwarf, medium duration paddy ; with medium bold red kernel grains; moderately resistant to sheath blight, sheath rot, BLB and false smut; grain yield 7-7.5 t/ha

60

Ezhome 4

2015

HY long duration  paddy suitable for Kaipad lands; non lodging, white kernels;

61

Jaiva

2015

HY paddy variety suited for organic farmding

62

VTL 9

2015

HY long duration paddy variety ; tolerance up to 12 dsm salinity, compared to existing variety (8 dsm); 10% extra yield over VTL 6

63

Amritha

2015

HY long duration salt tolerant paddy variety suited for Oru mundakan tract; 4.88 t grains and 8.8 tonnes straw/ha; red kernel

Coconut

1

Lakshaganga

1989

LO x GB (H)

2

Keraganga

1989

WCT x GB (H)

3

Anandaganga

1989

AO x GB (H)

4

Kerasree

1992

WCT x MYD (H)

5

Kerasowbhagya

1993

WCT x Strait Settlement Apricot (H)

6

Kerasagara

2006

Selection from Seychelles (SE Asia).Tall palms, flower in 8 years, light green nuts, mean yield 99nuts/palm/year.

7

Keramadhura

2013

A superior genotype suitable for dual purpose  (tender nut and copra) with more  quantity  of tender nut  water (287 ml) with excellent quality. Number of nuts/plant 119; copra yield (196 g/nut).

Vegetables

Bittergourd

1

Priya

1976

Kannur local (S)

2

Priyanka

1996

Local Selection

3

Preethi

1996

MC 84 selection

Snakegourd

1

Kaumudi

1996

Local selection

2

Harithasree

2013

High yielding variety  having green fruits with white stripes for areas where green fruits are

 preferred

Ash Gourd

1

KAU Local

2001

BH 21

2

Indu

2001

AG 1

3.

Thara

2015

HY small fruited (1.22 kg) variety suited for homestead and commercial cultivation;  Av yield of 22 t/ ha

Ridge Gourd

1

Haritha

2001

 Long, Green fruited, HY ,

Pumpkin

1

Ambili

1988

CM 14 (S)

2

Suvarna(CM 349)

1998

CM349 (SPS)

Bhindi

1

Kiran

1990

Kilichundan local (S)

2

Salkeerthi

1998

Reselection from NBPGR NO.144

3

Aruna

1998

NBPGR No. 1343(SPS)

Amaranthus

1

Arun

1992

Palapoor local (MS)

2

Renusree

2006

Green amaranth evolved through selection. High yielding variety (15.5 t/ha) having green leaves and purple stem with low anti-nutritional factors.

3

Krishnasree

2006

Red amaranth evolved through selection. High yielding (14.8t/ha) with high nutritive value and low anti-nutritional factors.

Winged bean

1

Revathy

1996

SLS-47 (MS)

Vegetable Cowpea

1

KMV-1

1996

Manjeri Red Plain

2

Malika

1992

Single plant selection from Thiruvananthapuram

3

Sharika

1993

Valiyavila local (SPS)

4

Kairali

2001

 Mosaic resistant , semi spreading selection with pink pods

5

Bhagyalakshmi

2001

 Bush type and early yielding variety

6

Lola

2001

 HY pole type cowpea, pale green long pods

7

Vyjayanthi(VS 21-1)

1998

HY pole type cowpea, pink  long pods – selection from Perumpadavam local (PS)

8

Vellayani Jyothika

2006

Selection from Sreekaryam local.

High yielding(19.33t/ha) with long light green pods.

9

Githika

2015

A HY, mosaic resistant  yard long bean ; Long thick fleshy pods with light green colour, av yield of 27.6 t /ha; pod lenght 53.4 cm; reddish brown seeds

Chilli

1

Jwalamukhi

1990

Vellanochi x Pusa Jwala (HS)

2

Jwalasakhi

1990

Vellanochi x Pusa Jwala (HS)

3

Ujwala

1996

CA 219-1-19-6 (SPS)

4

Vellayani Athulya

2006

Selection from local collection.

High yielding (650.33g/plant),early maturing, shade tolerant, green chilli variety with light green, medium pungent fruits having excellent quality.

5

Samrudhi

2010

Shade tolerant 

6

Vellayani Thejus

2013

High yielding shade tolerant variety suitable for cultivation in homesteads. Has good acceptability as green chilli. Produce attractive dark green fruits having high pungency with high oleoresin and capsaicin content

7

Keerthi

2015

Mosaic tolerant chilli, with green coloured, semi-wrinkled pendent fruits of 10-12 cm long; 

Tomato

1

Sakthi

1993

LE 79 (S)

2

Mukthi(LE 79-5)

1998

LE 79(CL32D-0--1-19GS)(PS)

3

Vellayani Vijai

2006

Introduction and selection from CLN1621F (AVRDC,Taiwan). High yielding (1.34kg/plant), compact, early maturing variety having bacterial wilt resistance and high temperature tolerance.

4

Akshaya

2013

High yield ( 3.5 kg/plant) with resistance to bacterial wilt, Indeterminate growth habit suitable for rain  shelter cultivation

5

Manulakshmi

2013

Resistant to bacterial wilt, Semi determinate growth   habit,   High fruit size (50-55g), fruit shape- oval

6

Manuprabha

2015

Wilt resistant tomato; Fruit colour and shape, Round, Uniform ;  Plant height- 69 cm;   Days to flowering- 60;   Fruits/ plant-  31;    Fruit yield-  1.880 kg;  Av. Fruit weight 55-60 g

Brinjal

1

Surya

1990

SM6-7 (SPS)

2

Swetha

1996

SM6-6 (SPS

3

Haritha

1998

SM-141(SPS)

4

Neelima

1998

 

5

Ponny

2015

BW resistant , HY ( 31.6 t/ha); vigorous plants ( spreading, 175 cm ht); long duration( 18-20 months);non spiny stem and leaves; inwardly curved light green long fruits (24.5 cm;  160 g)

Oriental pickling melon

1

Soubhaghya(CM-8)

1998

Valakkavu local(PS)

2

Mudicode

2001

CS 26 Local collection from Mudicode

3

Arunima

2001

 HY variety , medium size fruits

Okra

1

Anjitha

2006

Inter specific hybridization followed by mutation breeding and selection.

High yielding (14.6t/ha), early maturing, YVM resistant variety.

2

Manjima

2006

Hybrid(Gowreesapattom local x NBPGR/TCR-874).

High yielding(16t/ha), early maturing, YVM resistant variety.

Hyacinth bean/Dolichos bean

1

Hima

2006

Selection from local collection.

High yielding (13.34kg/plant), hardy, medium maturing, pole type with white flowers, light green broad and straight pods and coffee brown seeds.

2

Grace

2006

Selection from local collection.

High yielding (13.6kg/plant), hardy, early maturing, pole type with purple stem, lilac flowers and slightly curved greenish purple pods and black seeds.

Drumstick

1

Anupama

2010

HY annual drumstick variety

Cucumber

1

Harith

2015

HY F1 hybrid, suitable for open and rain shelter conditions; light green fruits with 18.67 cm length and 260 g wt; Potential yield of 102.8 t/ ha

2

Shubra

2015

HY F1 hybrid, suitable for open and rain shelter conditions; greenish white fruits with 14.4 cm length and 275 g wt; Potential yield of 102.3 t/ ha

Water melon

1

Shonima

2015

Red fleshed seedless  triploid hybrid, rind colour is darkgreen  with light green stripes Av wt is 3.92 kg

2

Swarna

2015

Bright Yellow fleshed seedless  triploid hybrid, rind colour is green  with yellow stripes   Av wt is 3.18 kg;

Jack fruit

1

Sindoor

2015

Jack for table purpose, with attractive sunset orange flakes having ; bear fruits twice/ year; medium fruits 11-12 kg, 52 cm long; 25 fruits/ tree / year  distinct aroma, taste and sweetness;

Cashew

1

Anakkayam-1

1987

Bapatla Collection - Tree 139-1 (S)

2

Madakkathara-1

1987

Bapatla Collection - Tree-39-4 (S)

3

Madakkathara-2

1990

NDR-2-1 (S)

4

Kanaka

1993

Anakkayam 1 x H-3-13 (H)

5

Dhana

1993

LGD 1-1 x K 30-1 (H)

6

Dharasree

1996

Tree No. 30 x BRZ-18 (H)

7

Sulabha

1996

T 28 of RCRS Kottarakkara (Intr.&Select.)

8

Mrudula

1996

PTR-1-1 (S)

9

Priyanka

1996

BLA 139-1 x K 30-1 (H)

10

Anagha

1998

Tree 20 X K-30-1(HS)

11

Amrutha

1998

BLA-139-1(F) X K-30-1(M) (H)

12

Akshayai

1998

H-4-7(F) X K-30-1(M) (HS)

13

Poornima

2006

BLA 139-1 x K-30-1

A high yielding (14.08kgnuts/tree/year), compact, intensively branching, mid season, cashew hybrid with export grade nuts, high shelling percentage and kernal weight.

14

Sree

2010

Tolerant to tea mosquito bug. 

Pepper

1

Panniyur-2

1990

Balancotta (Selection from open pollinated progeny)

2

Panniyur-3

1990

Uthirankotta x Cheriyakaniyakadan (H)

3

Panniyur-4

1990

Kuthiravaly (Selection)

4

Panniyur-5

1996

Perumkodi (Selection from open pollinated progeny)

5

Panniyur-6

2001

 

6

Panniyur-7

2001

 

7

Panniyur-8

2013

Tolerant to Phytophthora foot rot   and drought,

Suitable for growing in open as well as partial

shade, vigorous vine and regular bearer.

8

Vijay

2013

Medium long spikes and bold berries, oil,

oleoresin,and piperine content more than parents

 and Panniyur1,field tolerant to Phytophthora foot

rot

Ginger

1

Athira

2010

Tolerant to soft rot and bacterial wilt disease

2

Karthika

2010

Tolerant to soft rot and bacterial wilt disease               

3

Aswathy

2013

High yield, bold rhizomes,  high recovery of volatile oil and oleoresin. Recommended for green ginger. suitable  for cultivation both as pure and intercrop. Field tolerant to  Phyllosticta leaf spot disease           

Cardamom

1

PV-1

1987

Walayar local (CS)

Cinnamon

1

Sugandhini

2001

Selection  from germplasm maintained at AMPRS Odakkali

Turmeric

1

Kanthi

1996

Mydukur (SPS)

2

Sobha

1996

Methala local (SPS)

Aromatic & Medicinal Plants

1

Lemongrass- OD-19

1988

 HY selection with high oil content

2

Thippali-Viswam

1996

KAU-LPI (SPS)

3

Aswani-1  (Asoka –medicinal tree)

2013

High bark yield 2.753 kg dry weight /plant) and  high tannin content (3.30 %),  Moderately resistant  to stem  borer.

Chethi-koduveli

1

Mridhula

2006

Clonal selection.

High root yield (2.94t/ha-dry) and low plumbagin content (0.22%). Can be used without curing in the preparation of indegenous medicines.

2

Agni

2006

Clonal selection.

High root yield (2.65t/ha-dry) and high plumbagin content (0.80%)..Suitable for the extraction of plumbagin.

Atalodakam

1

Ajagandhi

2006

Clonal selection.

Medium tall plants with long and broad leaves and high vasicine content (2.46%). Average whole plant yield (dry)-12.37t/ha. Preferred for leaf crop.

2

Vasika

2006

Clonal selection.

Medium tall plants with narrow leaves and high proportion of roots & vasicine content (2.55%). Average whole plant yield (dry)-11.25t/ha. Preferred for root crop.

Adapathyan

1

Jeeva

2006

Clonal selection.

Purple cordate plant type with long internodes, high yield of thick, sweet roots (1.50t/ha dry root) with high soluble sugar content (8.33%).

Mushroom

1

Oyster mushroom -Ananthan

1996

Natural flora

2

Bheema

2015

HY pure white milky mushroom; average weight 485 g; ; bilogical efficiency of 109.71%

Sugarcane

1

Madhuri

1990

CO 740 X CO 775 (H)

2

Thirumadhiram

1992

CO 740 x CO 6806 (H)

3

Madhurima

1996

CO 740 x CO 7318 (H)

4

Madhumathi

1998

CO 63 X CO 740(HS)

5

CoTI 1358

2015

Superior/ at par to National variety Co 86032; tolerant to water logging; Yield 120.17 t / ha

6

CoTI 1153

2015

HY variety (118.61 t/ha); with high sugar content (18.29%), suited for Jaggery production; suitable for flood prone situations;

Garcinea

1

Amrutham

2015

Compact res , golden yellow coloured global shaped fruits,  av yield of 16.38 kg dry ring/ tree/year; mean HCA content 51.58%

2

Haritham

2015

A HY Malabar tamarind ; spreading trees; golden yellow oblate fruits; good quality fruit rind; dry rind yield of 9.91 kg/ tree/ year; HCA content 52.99%

Sesame

1

Kayamkulam-1

1972

 HY variety suited for Onattukara region

2

Thilothama

1987

PT-58-35 x KI (HS)

3

ACV-1-Soma

1985

Punjab type (PS)

4

ACV-2-Surya

1985

West Bengal type (PS)

5

ACV-3-Thilak

1993

Muthukulam local (PS)

6

Thilathara

1998

CST 785 X B 14(HS)

Cowpea

1

Ptb 1-Kanakamony

1977

Kunnamkulam local (PS)

2

Ptb 2-Krishnamani

1991

Kanakamony X Kozhingipayar (HS)

3

KYM-1-Pournami

1993

KYM-1 (S)

4

Shubhra

2001

 

5

Sreya

2010

Purple pods and purple streaks at the base of the petiole. Seeds biscuit coloured, Tolerant to leaf rust, aphids, pod borer and American serpentine leaf miner.

6

Hridya

2010

 Tolerant to  leaf rust, aphids, pod borer and American  serpentine leaf miner.

Blackgram

1

KYM-I -Syama

1993

Introduction from Tamil Nadu

2

Sumanjana

2001

 HY selectiion

Ground nut

1

Sneha

1998

IES 883 X JL 24 ( Combination breeding)

2

Snighda

1998

Dh(E)32 X JL 24 ( Combination breeding)

Banana

1

BRS-1

1998

Agniswar X Pisanglilin (H)

2

BRS-2

1998

Vannan x Pisanglilin (H)

Cocoa

1

CCRP-1

1998

Local population(SPS)

2

CCRP-4

1998

Local population(SPS)

3

CCRP-5

1998

Selection from germplasm IV

4

CCRP-6

1998

Selection from germplasm VI

5

CCRP-7

1998

Selection from germplasm VI

6

CCRP-2

2001

 Poly clonal selection for high yield

7

CCRP-3

2001

 Poly clonal selection for high yield

8

CCRP 11

2015

Poly clonal selection for bold bean size and high yield

9

CCRP 12

2015

Poly clonal selection for bold bean size and high yield

10

CCRP 13

2015

Poly clonal selection for bold bean size and high yield

11

CCRP 14

2015

Poly clonal selection for bold bean size and high yield

12

CCRP 15

2015

Poly clonal selection for bold bean size and high yield

Fodder Crops

Guinea grass

1

Haritha

1990

 

2

Marathakam

1993

FR-600(Mutation)

3

Harithasree

2006

Selection from JHGG-96-3

High fodder yield (66.1t/ha/year) with better quality. Dark green leaves and high tillering.

Bajra Napier hybrid

1

Suguna

2006

Composite 9 x FD 431

High fodder yield (283.7t/ha/year) with better quality. Palegreen leaf sheath with purplish pigmentation

2

Supriya

2006

TNSC 4 x FD 471

High fodder yield (272.7t/ha/year) coupled with better quality. Pale green leaves with small hairs on both sides.

Fodder cowpea

1

Aiswarya

2013

High Fodder yield, better quality , Crude protein content 18.5 %

Rice bean (Fodder)

1

Surabhi

2013

High fodder yield,  better quality, Crude protein content 18.9 %, crude fibre 20%

Tuber Crops

Chinese Potato

1

Nidhi

2001

Clonal selection from NBPGR accession CP 79

Sweet potato

1

ACV-1-Kanjangad

1992

Kanjanghad local (CS)

Cassava

1

Nidhi

1996

Koombuvella (CS)

2

KMC-1-Kalpaka

1996

Ramanthala(CS)

Greater yam

1

Indu ( KM-DA 1)

1998

TCR-5(IC-44209) (CS)

Coleus

1

Suphala

2006

A tissue culture mutant derived from local cultivar. A high yielding (15.93t/ha) year round cultivable variety with a duration of 120-140days.

Orchids

1

Deep blush

2006

Hybrid between D.Nagoya Pink x D.[Candy Stripe x Tomie Drake].

Long arching inflorescence with 9-10 flowers. Flowers are large, magenta coloured, double shaded and striped with full appearance.

2

Lemon Glow

2006

Hybrid between D.Chiangmai Pink x D. [Candy Stripe x Tomie Drake].

Long, arching inflorescence with 10-12 flowers. Flowers are medium large, flat, squarish in appearance, thick, glossy, light pink towards the outer side and greenish white towards the centre.

3

Master Delight

2006

Hybrid between D.Sonia -17 x D.[Candy Stripe x Tomie Drake].

Long, arching inflorescence with10-12 flowers. Flowers are very thick, glossy and flat with pointed petals and sepals giving a stellar appearance. Flower colour is dark purple with very faint stripes and sepal tips are white.

4

Pink Cascade

2006

Hybrid between D. Nagoya Pink x D. [Candy Stripe x Tomie Drake].

Long, arching inflorescence with 8-10 flowers. Flowers are very thick, glossy, large, light pink with prominent dark pink stripes throughout.

5

Velvet Soft

2006

 Hybrid between D. Rungnapa x D. [Candy Stripe x Tomie Drake].

Long, arching inflorescence with 10-12 flowers. Flowers are very thick, glossy, large, deep purplish magenta in colour and striped with white operculum and full appearance.

 

H - Hybrid; HS - Hybridisation and selection; SPS - Single plant selection; MS - Mass selection; PS - Pureline selection; CS - Clonal selection

 


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